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Bruxism (Teeth Grinding) Dentists in Puerto Rico

Bruxism (Teeth Grinding)

Bruxism is clenching or grinding your teeth, often unconsciously. Some people grind their teeth only during sleep; this condition is called "nocturnal bruxism" or "sleep-related bruxism." Others grind their teeth during the daytime as well, most often during situations that make them feel tense or anxious. People with severe bruxism can fracture dental fillings or cause other types of tooth damage. Severe bruxism has also been blamed for some cases of temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMD), morning headaches and unexplained facial pain. In addition to headaches bruxism has been related to neck and shoulder pain.

Bruxism can have a variety of psychological and physical causes. In many cases, it has been linked to stress, but it can also simply be the body's reaction to the teeth being aligned wrong or a poor bite. Bruxism can sometimes occur as a complication of severe brain injury, or a symptom of certain rare neuromuscular diseases involving the face. Bruxism also can be a side effect of some psychiatric medications, including antidepressant.


Symptoms of bruxism include: A grinding sound at night, which may disturb the sleep of someone who shares a bedroom with a "bruxer"; Jaw muscles that are tight or painful, especially in the morning; Chronic facial pain; Damaged teeth, fractured dental fillings and injured gums


If your bruxism is related to tooth problems, your dentist will probably treat it with occlusal therapy and/or splints. In severe cases, your dentist may need to use onlays or crowns to entirely reshape the biting surfaces of your teeth. A Splint or a nigthguard is a cost effective way of treating bruxism compared to cost of ignoring the problem. Without treatment teeth, crowns and bridge will chip, fracture or wear needing replacement.

Call your dentist or prosthodontist if you have symptoms of bruxism, or if you are told that you grind your teeth while you sleep. Also, make a dental appointment immediately if you fracture a tooth, lose a filling, or notice that your teeth are becoming abnormally loose in their sockets.

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