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Dental caries Dentists in Puerto Rico

Dental caries

Dental caries is the medical term for tooth decay. It is caused by acid erosion of tooth enamel. Many different types of bacteria normally live in the human mouth. They accumulate (along with saliva, food particles and other natural substances) on the surface of the teeth in a sticky film called plaque. Plaque forms especially easily in cracks, pits or fissures in the back teeth; between teeth; around dental fillings or bridgework; and near the gum line. Some of the plaque bacteria convert sugar and carbohydrates (starches) in the foods we eat into acids. These acids dissolve minerals in the surface of the tooth, forming microscopic pits or erosions that get larger over time.

The damage can occur anywhere the tooth is exposed to plaque and acid, including the hard outer enamel on the tooth crown or the unprotected root of the tooth that has been exposed by gum recession. The bacteria in the caries can penetrate the protective enamel down to the softer, vulnerable dentin (main body of the tooth) and continue through to the soft tooth pulp and the sensitive nerve fibers within it. Early caries may not have any symptoms. Later, when the decay has eaten through the enamel, the teeth may be sensitive to sweet foods or to hot and cold temperatures.

Featured Dentists

Instructions: Click on the name or photo to see a Doctor's Profile or make an appointment.

Dentist Listings

Edgar Diaz Ruiz

Carolina
PR 00985
Ph: 787-762-5220

Manuel Hernandez-Sanchez

Humacao
PR 00791-3633
Ph: 787-512-0512

Nicole Freytes

Aguas Buenas
PR 00703
Ph: 7877320515
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